10 Common Types of Legal Services and Lawyers

When you’re researching different types of legal services, there may be some that are more intuitive to define than others. For example, if you’ve ever watched a true crime show, you probably know all about what defense attorneys do to assist those who have been charged with a crime in a court case. Likewise, you may have seen your parents consult with a divorce lawyer during their divorce proceedings to fairly divide up assets, custody of children, and more if you’re a child of divorce.

Every day, companies and individuals rely on different legal professionals who specialize in certain areas of the law to accomplish their goals in commerce, family, law, and more. This means that there’s a demand for all kinds of lawyers and legal professionals. If the idea of defending those who are charged with a crime doesn’t excite you, the concept of reviewing real estate contracts or performing other tasks related to a different specialty might be right up your alley. You can either gain experience in different areas of the law or choose a focus that follows you throughout your legal studies if you’re on your way to becoming a lawyer.


For low-income folks who are looking into types of legal services, Medicaid lawyers may be helpful to have on your team of advocates. They can let you know about your rights and options in this process. They can also help you file necessary documents to get previous qualifying medical bills covered and accomplish other related tasks.

Although many people apply for this benefit of the government in the United States without relying on Medicaid attorneys, others find it easier to appeal a case that has been tough to work out through the county assistance office. When you know that you qualify for this benefit based on your income but find that your application keeps getting denied, consulting with an attorney who specializes in this area of law can ensure that you will get the benefits you need this time around. Depending on your income and other factors, some attorneys may be willing to help you with these issues at a reduced cost or Pro Bono. Still, you should never assume that a lawyer will lower their fees or do work for free without formally working out details of hourly rates, retainers, and other fees first.


If your financial situation warrants a bankruptcy claim, you’ll want to look into the types of legal services that could walk you through every step of that process. Since there are different kinds of bankruptcy, you may find that different bankruptcy attorneys are more comfortable filing certain claims than others. Depending on what your first lawyer tells you during a consultation, you may be satisfied to move forward with their plan or you might end up asking another lawyer to give you a second opinion.

Because of the gravity of the decision to go bankrupt instead of paying off your debts and the consequences it brings, you’ll want a practical, realistic legal advocate by your side who can give advice that balances your need for relief and the long-term effects of this choice. Becoming bankrupt can lead to a whole host of legal complications and other issues that can be tough to anticipate when you’re first starting on this journey. Having a skilled attorney can make the difference between filing the right type of claim for your situation and spending hundreds of thousands of dollars in being mistaken about that so you should never take this lightly.


As you discover new types of legal services that can help with specific situations, you may come across the issue of condemnation. Condemnation deals with the issue of eminent domain, specifically the issue of the government coming in and taking private property to be turned over for use by the public. This could be anything from a house on land that is being turned into a park to a factory that is on land being gentrified into a thriving new community.

If the issue of condemnation comes up with someone’s private property, they would be smart to explore the types of legal services at their disposal so they don’t lose everything without any compensation or chance of saving their land and property. This is where a condemnation attorney comes in. These lawyers specialize in protecting their clients’ private property from being snatched up by the government. No one deserves to lose their house. A condemnation attorney will ensure that, even if it’s impossible not to lose land and property, the person will receive some degree of financial support from the government as payment for their losses.


Providing a safe and stable environment for a child or children is one of the most important parts of being a parent. Depending on the situation, a child may need to be removed from their home and will need a new guardian to care for them. A parent or person seeking to become a parent may have to explore the types of legal services available to them so they can become the primary caregiver to this child or children and give them the life they deserve.

Contacting a child custody lawyer would be the wisest thing to do in this situation. The issue of adoption, custody, and even child visitation is a very slippery road to navigate and it helps to have someone with a strong grasp of the situation to provide counsel when needed. Whether it’s the loss of a parent, a divorce, or someone seeking custody of a child that was in an unsafe situation, a child custody lawyer will explore all options to ensure the child involved is provided for and given the environment they need to live a happy and healthy life.


A divorce attorney is a good option to look into when you need to figure out what you want your legal team to look like as you head into divorce. Not all lawyers can provide the types of legal services needed for an impending divorce. A divorce lawyer trains specifically to aid their client as they navigate a possibly messy chapter of their life.

Of course, only some people who are in the midst of a divorce will want or need to consult with a legal team to get through this process. The thought of even getting one can cause a great deal of stress to people already in a stressful situation. Still, speaking with a divorce attorney can ensure that assets are accounted for and each party is given a fair deal during the extremely difficult process of separation.


Those who have a disabled dependent or family member in their lives will want to look into the types of legal services that cater to folks who are starting a conservatorship to manage their loved one’s life effectively while abiding by all the pertinent laws and regulations. These are generally offered by conservatorship attorneys who specialize in this area of law. Without someone who understands the state and federal laws surrounding a conservatorship, you’ll be at risk of violating those laws and potentially overstepping your bounds as a conservator.

One of the types of legal services many attorneys would recommend when discussing the legal rights and well-being of a minor or someone with disabilities is establishing a conservatorship. A conservatorship protects the interests of someone who otherwise couldn’t look out for themselves. For example, should someone become incapacitated due to injury or illness, the conservatorship grants the person appointed by the judge to protect the incapacitated individual, also known as the conservator, full rights to speak for the conservatee when dealing with legal or financial matters.

Car Accident

If you were recently hurt or if you were responsible for injuring another driver or passenger in an automobile accident, you’ll want to consult with a car accident lawyer as soon as you possibly can. Delaying getting help could limit your options for legal recourse as this problem develops. Additionally, if you wait too long to seek legal advice regarding a car accident, you might run out of time to do anything about it based on the statute of limitations.

A car accident can send someone’s life into chaos. The world we live in all but requires one to own a car to get to work, take their kids to school, and provide for themselves. Losing a car to an accident can ruin a person’s or family’s livelihood. Car accident lawyers work around the clock to help a struggling person or family get back on their feet. Whether it’s getting money to repair the vehicle, filing a lawsuit against the person who totaled your car, or ensuring the mechanics provide the services you need to get your car back, a car accident lawyer will fight for you.


An unfortunate reality in all medical procedures is the chance that a procedure could go wrong and the patient could suffer an accident at the hands of the surgeon, dentist, or other medical professional. Even the most basic of procedures carry the risk of malpractice. If you believe that you or a loved one experienced malpractice in the medical field, you’ll want to consult with a malpractice attorney as soon as possible to avoid losing any chance of a favorable outcome in the case.

It’s hard to tell if a case could be viable before you consult with a lawyer. Even so, it can give you some peace of mind to know that you’re doing everything you can to help yourself or your loved one recover from this traumatic situation that seems to have features that resemble medical malpractice. It can also give you a sense of purpose if you’ve felt lost and directionless after this difficult incident.


Family lawyers are some of the most all-encompassing types of lawyers around. They have experience dealing with nearly any domestic issue imaginable. For example, a family attorney’s client may seek to adopt a child or put their child up for adoption. In these cases, the family lawyer can seek to either aid in the long and arduous process of adopting a prospective child or they can help oversee any of the legal aspects of giving a child up.

They can also aid in the issue of divorce, separation, and the signing of a prenuptial agreement if a marriage should one day end. All of these could spell out the unfortunate possibilities that married couples may have to face one day. By hiring a family lawyer, each of the parties can ensure their rights to property and assets are protected. They can also ensure that they are treated fairly during a potentially painful legal process.


One of the most debilitating situations a person can go through is an injury. Anything ranging from a broken finger to a broken neck could send someone’s life into a tailspin. Their ability to work, travel, and even provide for themselves could be taken away in seconds. That’s why injury lawyers take on the job of ensuring those who are hurt can continue to live comfortably while knowing themselves and their families have the care they require in the healing process.

For example, if someone is injured at work, an injury lawyer will ensure that their worker’s compensation is paid in full. If the injury was the result of negligence, proper avenues are taken to give the injured employee the money they are owed until they are back on their feet or as a result of a life-altering injury. Of course, this can all depend on whether the injury is worth pursuing in a legal context.

For those who have never thought about all the types of legal services before, it can be fascinating to discover that almost every industry has legal services that pair with that field. Business owners may rely on commercial attorneys to make the best legal decisions for their businesses. On the other hand, individuals who have a specific goal like appealing a medical assistance denial or making a successful bankruptcy claim may need a legal professional who specializes in those tasks. Whether you’re a student, complainant, business owner, or other person who needs a specialized attorney, it pays to hire an expert.

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